Stamp Collecting

Bill Seymour's
Online Stamp Collections

Questions on these web pages?
In most cases, this collection may also be considered a want list.  If you have stamps to offer that can fill holes, or can replace defective or misidentified items, feel free to email me.  Suggestions as to the design and implementation of this web site are also encouraged.

Turkey (1863-)

Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 63,528,225 (1997 estimate). A republic in southeastern Europe and western Asia. The area now occupied by Turkey was the center of a number of ancient civilizations, and it remained the center of the Eastern Roman Empire for nearly a thousand years after the fall of Rome. During most of this period, it was the dominant power of the region. The Byzantine Empire, weakened by the inroads of Crusaders who found it easier to ransack Christian lands than to fight infidels, rapidly lost ground in the 13th and 14th centuries. The Ottoman Turks conquered the outlying provinces, and in 1453 they occupied Constantinople, which became their capital and the center of their own empire. During the next century, the Turks conquered southeastern Europe, North Africa and much of the Middle East. At its apex (1550-1683), the Turkish Empire stretched from the borders of Poland and the Russian steppes to the Sahara, and from Algeria to Arabia. From the late 17th century on, the Turkish Empire became increasingly weak and poorly administered, and its military power declined rapidly. During the 19th century, the territorial integrity of the state was maintained only because the European powers could not agree upon the division of the spoils. In a series of generally unsuccessful wars during 1878-1913, most of Turkey's outlying provinces became independent or were lost to its more powerful neighbors. In 1914, the Turks joined the Central Powers. Their defeat cost Turkey most of its remaining territory, and by 1919 only Asia Minor remained. At that point, it became apparent that the Allies intended to dismember Turkey altogether. In reaction to this threat, a nationalist Turkish government was formed in Ankara in 1920, with Mustafa Kemal as president. The Nationalists defeated the Greeks, whom they expelled from Western Asia Minor and Eastern Thrace and compelled the Allies to withdraw from the Dardanelles and Cilicia. The Treaty of Lausanne (1923) confirmed Turkish independence and established its borders along roughly ethnic lines. Kemal established the republic and launched an ambitious program of social reform and industrialization. Turkey remained neutral during most of World War II, declaring war on the Axis in February 1945. Since that time, it has been aligned with the West and has been a member of NATO since 1952. Tension with Greece, a fellow NATO member, over the status of Cyprus, has at times threatened to estrange Turkey from its Western allies. During the 1990's, Turkey has been plagued by ongoing armed resistance from its Kurdish minority and by the rise in recent years of a fundamentalist Islamic opposition.

Stamp Collection

Frame 01

1863-1911 Ottoman Empire Postage Stamps

Frame 02
1911-1916 Ottoman Empire Postage Stamps
Frame 03

1916-1917 Ottoman Empire Postage Stamps

Frame 04

1917-1922 Ottoman Empire & 1920-1921 Nationalist Turkey Postage Stamps

Frame 05

1921-1923 Nationalist Turkey & 1923-1938 Republic of Turkey Postage Stamps

Frame 06
1933-1940 Republic of Turkey Postage Stamps & 1915-1916 Semi-Postal Stamps
Frame 07
1916-1935 Semi-Postal Stamps, 1934-1937 Air Post Stamps, 1863-1936 Postage Due Stamps, 1898 Thessaly Military Stamps & 1879-1905 Printed Matter Stamps
Frame 08
1908-1920 Printed Matter & 1910-1935 Charity Postal Tax Stamps
Frame 09
1936-1940 Charity Postal Tax & 1926-1933 Charity Air Postal Tax

Specialist Items

Frame 01

Forgeries of Ottoman Empire Stamps


Postal History Collection

Frame 01

Duloz Issues - 1865 to 1882


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Recommended reading

Burak Pul Evi Kataloğu:3 Spesyalize Türk Pullari Kataloğu (Burak Specialized Postage Stamp Catalog of Turkey 1991/1992)

Pulhan: Türk Pullari Kataloğu XII (Pulhan Turkey Postage Stamp Catalog XII)

Pulko Osmali İmpararatorluğu ve Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Posta Pullari Kataloğu (Ottoman Empire and Republic of Turkey Postage Stamp Catalog)

Michel Europa-Katalog 1991/1992 West M-Z

Yvert et Tellier Tome 3 2nd Partie - Timbres D'Europe de L'Ouest de Heligoland à Yougoslavie (H-Y)

Stanley Gibbons Stamp Catalog Part 16 - Central Asia (Afghanistan - Iran - Turkey)

Scott Classic Specialized Catalog of Stamps and Covers 1840-1940

Birinci Adana Serisi (The First Adana Set)

Burak Pul Evi Yayinlari No:2 Ilk Türk Pullari- Tugrali Pullar (The First Turkish Stamps Stamps with the monogram of the Sultans